OpenPlatform / 02. How does it work?
Updated: 05. April 2019
Author: Peter Širka

02. How does it work?

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OpenPlatform has a simple logic. It's a container for users and third-party applications. Each application needs own domain name and it needs to contain a file openplatform.json with application's meta data.

For example:


    // required, application's name
    "name": "TestApp",

    // optional, application's title in OpenPlatform
    "name": "Test application",

    // required, application's description
    "description": "Some text for the super user.",

    // required, application's version
    "version": "1.0.0",

    // required, application's icon
    "icon": "",

    // required, application's URL address which is open in iFrame
    "url": "",

    // required, author of the application
    "author": "Peter Širka",

    // required, email to support
    "email": "",

    // optional, custom roles (String Array)
    "roles": ["create", "read", "update"],

    // optional, your custom server-side IP addresses for remote access e.g. for sending notifications (String Array)
    "origin": ['IP_address'],

    // optional, a custom app type, we use files, contacts, orders, invoices, users
    "type": "files",

    // Allows to read OpenPlatform's meta information
    "allowreadmeta": true,

    // Allows to read user profile
    // 0 - disabled
    // 1 - basic information without contact details
    // 2 - all information
    "allowreadprofile": 1,

    // Allows to read users
    // 0 - disabled
    // 1 - basic information without contact details of all users
    // 3 - basic information without contact details of all users which use this app
    // 2 - all information of all users
    // 4 - all information of all users which use this app
    "allowreadusers": 1,

    // Allows to read apps
    // 0 - disabled
    // 1 - basic information
    // 2 - all information (email, roles, origin, custom config, url)
    "allowreadapps": 1,

    // Enables server-side verification only by default
    "serververify": true,

    // Shows mobile menu in process title bar for mobile devices
    "mobilemenu": true,

    // Enables application in mobile devices
    "responsive": true


OpenPlatform has a very simple authorization mechanism. The whole authorization is executed on the client-side over iFrame messaging if the server-side verification is disabled.

Authorization processing

  • user launches some app in OpenPlatform main window
  • app is open in iframe container
  • then app needs to init OpenPlatform client-side library
  • main window OpenPlatform checks the app and roles on the server-side
  • then iframe obtains meta-data described below

Client-side library

OpenPlatform offers a small client-side library called openplatform.js. The application can obtain user/meta-data from OpenPlatform and it supports another features for OpenPlatform manipulation.

App meta-data

Your application needs to use this code below:

<script src=""></script>
    OP.init(function(err, response) {

        if (err) {
            // some error
            document.body.innerHTML = '401: Unauthorized';

        // response === meta-data

        if (response.serverside) {
            // 1. you don't have all data because of security context
            // 2. you need to send a verification URL to your backend
            // 3. and your backend needs to create a request to verification URL
        } else {
            // you have all meta-data from OpenPlatform
  • if err contain a value then app can't continue (otherwise: null)
  • response contains all meta data
  • reidrectTimeout contains an ID of timeout if the redirect will be executed

Sample of meta data

The content depends on application's privileges.

    // {Date} Current date/time

    // {String} User access token
    "accesstoken": "TOKEN",

    // {String} Current user IP
    "ip": "",

    // {String}
    "name": "Name of OpenPlatform",

    // {String} Custom settings (defined in application's section)
    "settings": ""

    // {String} ID of application
    "id": "se1hlb6qfbd852av4m2n",

    // {String} OpenPlatform URL address
    "openplatform": "",

    // {Number} OpenPlatform ID
    "openplatformid": 30493403094

    // {String} Application's URL address
    "url": "",       

    // {String/Object/Number/Boolean/Time} A data from another third-party application (optional)
    "data": null,

    // {Boolean} Inditicates a server-side verification of the user profile
    "serverside": false,

    // {String} URL address for verifying of the meta data on server-side (BTW: CORS enabled), response contains same result
    "verify": "URL address",

    // {Object} OpenPlatform meta data (code lists)
    "meta": "URL address",

    // {Object} User profile
    "profile": {
        // {String} ID user
        "id": "17082512500002gkj0",

        // {String} ID supervisor, can be empty (optional)
        "supervisorid": "17082512500002gkj0",

        // {String} A directory (optional)
        // This property determines independent group of users in OpenPlatform which doesn't have access to all users
        "directory": "customers",
        // {Number} A directory ID (default: 0)
        // Gengerated UID from "directory", it's targeted for storing data in DB
        "directoryid": 12030230,

        // {Number} A status ID
        // 0: available (default)
        // 1: busy
        // 2: do not disturb
        // 3: be right back
        // 4: off work
        "statusid": 0,

         // {String}, optional
        "status": "A custom user status filled via user",

        // {String}, optional, in most cases isn't exist
        "directory": "Customers",

        // {String}
        "firstname": "Peter",

        // {String}
        "lastname": "Širka",

        // {String}
        "name": "Peter Širka",

        // {String} Can be "male" or "female"
        "gender": "male",

        // {String} Languages can be defined in OpenPlatform "config"
        "language": "sk",

        // {String} Photo URL address (optional)
        "photo": "URL address",

        // {String} A custom reference (optional, can be defiend in "Users" section)
        "reference": "",

        // {String Array} User roles for this application + with global roles
        "roles": ["read"],

        // {Date} Date of birth
        "datebirth": "1984-11-05T23:00:00.000Z",

        // {Date} Creation date - profile
        "datecreated": "2017-08-25T10:50:38.648Z"

        // {Date} Update date - profile
        "dateupdated": "2017-08-25T10:50:38.648Z"

        // {Date} When did the user begin in your company? (optional)
        "datebeg": "2017-08-25T10:50:38.648Z"

        // {Date} When did the user end in your company? (optional)
        "dateend": "2017-08-25T10:50:38.648Z"

        // {String} + optional
        "company": "Company",

        // {String} + optional
        "locality": "Locality",

        // Groups
        // {Array String}
        "groups": ["developers"],

        // Organization unit
        // {String} + optional
        "ou": "Developers / Web",

        // {String Array}
        "ougroups": ["Developers", "Developers/Web"]

        // {Boolean} Is super-admin account?
        "sa": true,

        // {Boolean} Is the user online?
        "online": true,

        // {Boolean} Is the user blocked? (optional)
        "blocked": false,

        // {Boolean} Has the user enabled sounds?
        "sounds": true,
        // {Boolean} Determines that OP is in test mode (optional)
        "test": true,
        // {Number} Determines the volume in %
        "volume": 50,

        // {Boolean} Has the user enabled notifications?
        "notifications": true,

        // {String} Absolute URL address for sending of push notification
        "notify": "URL address",

        // {String} Absolute URL address for calling a badge
        "badge": "URL address",

        // {Boolean} Determines "darkmode"
        "darkmode": true

        // {String} HEX color for e.g. buttons
        "colorscheme": "#4285f4"

        // {String} absolute URL address to background (optional)
        "background": "",

        // {Number} How many badges has this user?
        "countbadges": 0,

        // {Number} How many unread notifications has this user?
        "countnotifications": 0,
        // {Number} How many sessions has open this user?
        "countsessions": 0

    // Returns {Object Array} with users
    // Query arguments:
    // id=USER_ID1,USER_ID2
    // appid=APP_ID
    // role=ROLE        
    // group=GROUP
    // q=SEARCH
    // ou=OU
    // locality=LOCALITY
    // company=COMPANY
    // directory=DIRECTORY (name or ID)
    // statusid=STATUS_ID
    // customer=true
    // all=true (only for administrators and with filled "Directory" field, it returns all users from DB)
    // reference=REFERENCE
    // page=NUMBER
    // online=true (returns only online users)
    // modified=1 day or 5 minutes or 1 week
    // logged=1 day or 5 minutes or 1 week
    // limit=NUMBER (defaut 1000)
    "users": "URL address",

    // Returns {Object Array} with apps
    // Query arguments:
    // userid=USER_ID
    // id=APP_ID1,APP_ID2
    // page=NUMBER
    // limit=NUMBER (defaut 1000)
    "apps": "URL address"

Response: meta

    "companies":   [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "customers":   [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "oa":          [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "groups":      [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "languages":   [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "roles":       [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "localities":  [{ count: 1, name: "Name", id: String }],
    "directories": [{ count: 1, name: "name", id: Number }]

Response: users

// coming soon

Response: apps

// coming soon


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Good to know

OpenPlatform changes verification token for each user if the user is logging. It's because of security reasons.